Referral to the Court of Justice for a preliminary ruling: CJEU C-191/15 - Amazon
Consumer protection, Data protection
Unfair terms, Unfair practices (BtoC), Consumer credit, Violation of information duties Mass media, Other
Safeguards for access to justice: Right to access a court, Right to an effective remedy before a tribunal, Right to a fair trial, Right to a fair hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal previously established by law.
Referral to the Court of Justice for a preliminary ruling: CJEU C-180/17 - Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justit
Migration and asylum
Asylum, Return
Safeguards for access to justice: Art. 47, CFREU, Right to access a court, Right to an effective remedy before a tribunal, Art. 13 ECHR
Migration and asylum
Safeguards for access to justice: Right of every person to be heard, before any individual measure which would affect him or her adversely is taken;
Referral to the Court of Justice for a preliminary ruling:
Migration and asylum
Asylum, Dublin Regulation, Return, Detention
Safeguards for access to justice: Art. 47, CFREU, Right to access a court, Art. 6 ECHR, Art. 13 ECHR
In judicial dialogue with: CJEU C-488/11 - Asbeek
Consumer protection
Unfair terms
Consumer protection
Unfair terms, Consumer credit
Safeguards for access to justice: Right to a fair trial
Referral to the Court of Justice for a preliminary ruling: CJEU C-C-73/16 - Puskar
Data protection
Security, Other
Safeguards for access to justice: Art. 47, CFREU, Right to access a court, Right to an effective remedy before a tribunal, Right to a fair trial, Right to a public hearing within a reasonable time
Referral to the Court of Justice for a preliminary ruling: CJEU C-621/15 - Sanofi Pasteur
Consumer protection
Defective goods (consumer sale)